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The Disciples of Jesus Christ Memorial Parsha, Shemin, Leviticus 9-11

April 5, 2010



Leviticus 9: Commentary

The Priests Begin Their Ministry
1 On the eighth day Moses summoned Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel. Moses says to Aaron , “Take a bull calf for your sin offering and a ram for your burnt offering, both without defect (blemish), and present the sacrificial offering made by fire on the altar and before the LORD. Then Moses says to Aaron you shall say to the Israelites: ‘Take a male goat for a sin offering, a calf and a lamb—both a year old and without defect—for a burnt offering, and an ox [a] and a ram for a fellowship offering [b] to sacrifice before the LORD, together with a grain offering mixed (mingled) with oil. Moses says, Today the LORD will appear to you.’ ” The day that the LORD will appear to the children of Israel coincides with the Passover, the eighth day after Passover and inauguration of the first priest. The oil and flour together create a matzah the same bread that the Israelites took with them when they were forced to flee Egypt, and knowing this was their only chance for redemption, as Moses had commanded in the book of Exodus Chapter Four, all that were on the LORD’s side, fled with Israel (Leviticus 9:1-4).

Aaron and sons, along with the elders of Israel brought the flock of the herd as Moses had commanded to the front of the Tent of Meeting – for a sacrificial offering: and all the congregation came near and stood before the LORD. Then Moses said, “This is what the LORD has commanded you to do, so that the glory of the LORD may appear to you” (Leviticus 9:5-6). That day, all the people that had the spirit of God, and a gift in their heart offered the voluntary and offering with integrity and eagerly waited for the glory of the LORD to appear.

Moses said to Aaron, “Come to the altar and sacrifice your sin offering and your burnt offering [that is made by fire] and make atonement for yourself and the people; and offer the peoples sacrificial offerings the  and make atonement for people, as the LORD has commanded” (Leviticus 9:7)

Aaron went to the altar and brought the sin offering for himself (Leviticus 8:15-17 and Leviticus 9:8-11). Then as Aaron goes to the altar to offer a sin offering and also sacrifices the burnt offering, in the manner prescribed (Leviticus 8:18-21 and Leviticus 9:12-14. Next, Aaron then brought the offering that was for the people. He took the goat for the people’s sin offering and offered it for a sin offering as an offering made by fire before the LORD (Leviticus 8:18,22-25 and Leviticus 9:8). Next, Aaron brought the burnt offering as an offering made by fire before the LORD (Leviticus 8:18-21 and Leviticus 9:12-14,15,16).  Aaron also brought the grain offering, took a handful of it and burned it on the altar in addition to the morning’s burnt offering (Leviticus 8:26; Leviticus 9:17). Aaron also sacrificed the bull and the ram as sacrificial offerings from the peace (fellowship) offerings from the people. Then Aaron’ sons presented to him the blood, which he sprinkled around the altar that is made by fire before the LORD (Leviticus 9:18-20). Lastly, Aaron waved the breasts and the right thigh before the LORD as a wave offering, as Moses commanded (Leviticus 8:25-27 and Leviticus 9:21).

After the wave offering is burned and the sweet aroma from the offering made by fire to the LORD is made for the people from the sacrifices from the sin offering, the burnt offering and the fellowship offering, then Aaron lifted his hands toward the people and blessed them and he stepped down (Leviticus 9:22).

Moses and Aaron then went into the Tent of Meeting. When they came out, they blessed the people; and the glory of the LORD appeared to all the people. Fire came out from the LORD and consumed the burnt offering and the fat portions on the altar. And when all the people saw it, they shouted for joy and fell facedown (Leviticus 8:28 and Leviticus 9:23-24). Yes, the once down trodden had been comforted and encouraged by the LORD.

Leviticus 10: Commentary

The Profane Fire of Nadab and Abihu
In this chapter Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron take thier censer and put fire into and thus offered a profane fire before the LORD, which was not commanded before God. Fire devours Nadab and Abihu and they died before the LORD (Leviticus 10:1-2).

Then in the 3rd verse of the tenth Chapter of the book of Leviticus, Moses says this to Aaron: 3…… “This is it that the LORD spake, saying, I will be sanctified in them that come nigh me, and before all the people I will be glorified.” The Bible says that Aaron held his peace. (Leviticus 10:3, King James Version)

Moses called Mishael and Elzpaha, the nephews of Aaron to carry the brethern out of the sanctuary, in the camp. And after Mishael and Elzaphan carried their brtheren out of the santuary, then Moses said to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar, the two remaining sons, “don’t uncover your hear, nor tear your clothes or you will die and wrath will come upon all of the people.” Moses also said to Aaron and his remaining sons, let your brtheren, and the whole house of Israel mourn the burning which the LORD has kindled. Lastly, Moses says to Aaron and his sons, “You shall not go out from the door of the tabernacle of meeting, lest you die, for the anointing oil of the LORD is upon you.” Aaron and sons did as Moses had commanded, and took counsel of the word of God.

At the end of the story Moses investigates goat used in the sin offering. Moses is angry because Eleazar and Ithamar about the burnt up goat as a sacrificial offering, the sin offering, that was at the altar made by fire before the LORD. Moses was angry because he said that God gave it to you eat, it is most holy and you; and is given to you to bare the guilt of the congregation and to make atonement for them before the LORD. In the end, Aaron and sons see that many more days come ahead that befall the Royal and Holy Priesthood, and their faith will justify them in the office of the Priesthood. However, every day people convert into a religion and do not want to follow the God’s word. Would you follow God’s word after Moses had encouraged you, and exhorted you on a day that your brother had died in the midst of God’s glory and his wrath? Jesus is a prime example and a descendant of Aaron on his Matrilneal of his Maternal and Paternal ancestry lines. You shall see that Jesus is very concerned with the honor and glory of God, His Father, the Father. God hastened to perform his promise through this ministry and Jesus resurrected three days after his burial and he came down from the cross at Golgotha.

Lastly in Chapter 10 of the book of Leviticus, God speaks directly to Aaron saying from verses eight through fifteen the following is in your bible:
 8And the LORD spake unto Aaron, saying,
 9Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations:
 10And that ye may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;
 11And that ye may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD hath spoken unto them by the hand of Moses.
 12And Moses spake unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons that were left, Take the meat offering that remaineth of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and eat it without leaven beside the altar: for it is most holy:
 13And ye shall eat it in the holy place, because it is thy due, and thy sons’ due, of the sacrifices of the LORD made by fire: for so I am commanded.
 14And the wave breast and heave shoulder shall ye eat in a clean place; thou, and thy sons, and thy daughters with thee: for they be thy due, and thy sons’ due, which are given out of the sacrifices of peace offerings of the children of Israel.
 15The heave shoulder and the wave breast shall they bring with the offerings made by fire of the fat, to wave it for a wave offering before the LORD; and it shall be thine, and thy sons’ with thee, by a statute for ever; as the LORD hath commanded. (Leviticus 10:8-15, King James Version)

Leviticus Eleven:

 1And the LORD spake unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them,
 2Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.
 3Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is clovenfooted, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that shall ye eat.
 4Nevertheless these shall ye not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the hoof: as the camel, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you.
 5And the coney, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you.
 6And the hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you.
 7And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you.
 8Of their flesh shall ye not eat, and their carcase shall ye not touch; they are unclean to you.
 9These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat.
 10And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of any living thing which is in the waters, they shall be an abomination unto you:
 11They shall be even an abomination unto you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, but ye shall have their carcases in abomination.
 12Whatsoever hath no fins nor scales in the waters, that shall be an abomination unto you.
 13And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray,
 14And the vulture, and the kite after his kind;
 15Every raven after his kind;
 16And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind,
 17And the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl,
 18And the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle,
 19And the stork, the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat.
 20All fowls that creep, going upon all four, shall be an abomination unto you.
 21Yet these may ye eat of every flying creeping thing that goeth upon all four, which have legs above their feet, to leap withal upon the earth;
 22Even these of them ye may eat; the locust after his kind, and the bald locust after his kind, and the beetle after his kind, and the grasshopper after his kind.
 23But all other flying creeping things, which have four feet, shall be an abomination unto you.
 24And for these ye shall be unclean: whosoever toucheth the carcase of them shall be unclean until the even.
 25And whosoever beareth ought of the carcase of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even.
 26The carcases of every beast which divideth the hoof, and is not clovenfooted, nor cheweth the cud, are unclean unto you: every one that toucheth them shall be unclean.
 27And whatsoever goeth upon his paws, among all manner of beasts that go on all four, those are unclean unto you: whoso toucheth their carcase shall be unclean until the even.
 28And he that beareth the carcase of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: they are unclean unto you.
 29These also shall be unclean unto you among the creeping things that creep upon the earth; the weasel, and the mouse, and the tortoise after his kind,
 30And the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole. (Leviticus 11, King James Version).

The last chapter of this Pesach (Passover) is chapter eleven of the book of Leviticus is this simple, God forbades the children of Israel that they shall not eat among the animals on the earth, and which animals that they may eat. This sounds like a pretty clear passage, but it is not. I listen to people in study sit back and say that they want to eat this and that… I have read in the Bible that other Prophets have spoken out and repeated the word of God and prophecied to the children of Israel or the Jews because they have offered a mouse or a person for a sacrifice.

In closing, I realize that many other cultures have not adopted to this passage of the Bible, or the Torah. The prophets do not adapt or modify the teachings of Moses, which is the Word of God. The Ten Commandments were written by the finger of God.

I am in good shape because I do eat the animal that divides the hoof, having cloven hhoves and chewing the cud. I don’t eat an animal that chews the cud or has an cloven hoove such as a camel; because it does not have a cloven hoove, it is unclean to me. I probably wouldn’t like the taste since I know it is commandment, not a mitzvot. Here there is no option, you simply shall not eat a camel.

The word of God goes onto list the animals that like the are like the camel, they eat the cud or have a cloven hoove and are unclean. Nevertheless, I know many people who had to eat these animals or starve of death: the rock hyrax; the hare – do not have cloven hooves but chews the cud. Next is the swine, the pork, the pig animal, though it divides the hoof and has a cloven hoove it does not chew the cud and is unclean to you. My bag. The camel, rock hyrax, the hare and pig are the animals, which flesh you shall not eat, and so their carcass is unclean to me.

Most importantly during Passover, you want to obstain from these animals if you generally like Pig feet, Pork Chops or you are just in a non-Kosher house on Sabbath. The word of God gives instruction to the animals of the sea that may be eaten and which animals that are an abomination that may not be eaten. Although I don’t eat squid or octopus; however, my days at Seafood House numbered during a holiday like Passover (Leviticus 11:9-11). The word of God also gives instructions about which birds are abomination and may not be eated (Leviticus 11:13-19). Next the word of God gives instruction that flying insects that creep on all fours shall not be eat and are abomination to you (Leviticus 11:20). Lastly the word of God gives instruction to the animals that you may eat on all fours; and which animals on all four feet shall be an abomination to you (Leviticus 11:21-23).

The conclusion of this chapter with instruction in being clean, and how long you can remain unclean. There are specific instructioni about how if you become unclean you can consecrate yourselves back to God through following His word, the word of God (Leviticus 11:24-43).

Leviticus 11:44-47: Consecrate yourselves to God
 44For I am the LORD your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
 45For I am the LORD that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.
 46This is the law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every living creature that moveth in the waters, and of every creature that creepeth upon the earth:
 47To make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the beast that may be eaten and the beast that may not be eaten. (Leviticus 11:44-47, King James Version)

Disciples References:

Matthew 26:

 1And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples,
 2Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.
 3Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,
 4And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill him.
 5But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar among the people.
 6Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper,
 7There came unto him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head, as he sat at meat.
 8But when his disciples saw it, they had indignation, saying, To what purpose is this waste?
 9For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor.
 10When Jesus understood it, he said unto them, Why trouble ye the woman? for she hath wrought a good work upon me.
 11For ye have the poor always with you; but me ye have not always.
 12For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did it for my burial.
 13Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, there shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told for a memorial of her.
 14Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests,
 15And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.
 16And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.
 17Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?
 18And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples.
 19And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.
 20Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve.
 21And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
 22And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord, is it I?
 23And he answered and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me.
 24The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born.
 25Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said.
 26And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.
 27And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;
 28For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
 29But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.
 30And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives. (Matthew 26, King James Version)

Matthew 27:
 1When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
 2And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
 3Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,
 4Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that.
 5And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.
 6And the chief priests took the silver pieces, and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it is the price of blood.
 7And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter’s field, to bury strangers in.
 8Wherefore that field was called, The field of blood, unto this day.
 9Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value;
 10And gave them for the potter’s field, as the Lord appointed me.
 11And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
 12And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.
 13Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee?
 14And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.
 15Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would.
 16And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas.
 17Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?
 18For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.
 19When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.
 20But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.
 21The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas.
 22Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified.
 23And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.
 24When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.
 25Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.
 26Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.
 27Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers.
 28And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.
 29And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!
 30And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head. (Matthew 27, King James Version)

Matthew 28:
 1In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
 2And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
 3His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:
 4And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men.
 5And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified.
 6He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.
 7And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him: lo, I have told you.
 8And they departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and did run to bring his disciples word.
 9And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him.
 10Then said Jesus unto them, Be not afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me.
 11Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and shewed unto the chief priests all the things that were done.
 12And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers,
 13Saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night, and stole him away while we slept.
 14And if this come to the governor’s ears, we will persuade him, and secure you.
 15So they took the money, and did as they were taught: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.
 16Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them.
 17And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted.
 18And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
 19Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
 20Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen. (Matthew 28, King James Version)

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